Cold chain logistics development status and problems

China's cold-chain logistics is ripe for development. Cold-chain logistics can not only meet people's demand for fresh food, but also minimize the loss and waste of food in transit. However, the low public awareness and the backwardness of the original equipment all restrict the development of China's cold-chain logistics industry. The following is the author summed up the development of China's cold chain logistics status and several problems.

The standards are not in place

At present, the cold chain industry has many deficiencies in standards, among which, the most difficult problem is the implementation of standards is not in place. , for example, many small businesses not qualified, if not through the entire cold chain, cost is low, so the product price is relatively low, but normal company according to the national standard to carry out, every link through the cold chain is complete, product price will be relatively high, of course, because in this respect, consumers don't know I can't tell out, would prefer the cheaper products, for completely through the specification of cold chain enterprise is unfair competition. Even though some standards have been set at the national level, they have not been fully implemented. A lot of enterprises did not execute according to national level, self-discipline is poor. As a result, the industry is struggling. Without mandatory standards, it is difficult to guarantee quality and reassure consumers.

Backward equipment and low technical level

Cold chain logistics hardware in addition to transport equipment, infrastructure obsolete and uneven development and distribution, lack of information technology and backward management level is also an important reason restricting the development of cold chain logistics. All these factors make it impossible to provide low temperature guarantee for the circulation system of perishable food. This has two direct consequences. The first is the large amount of waste of perishable food, especially primary agricultural products. Due to the high loss in transportation, the whole logistics cost accounts for 70% of the cost of perishable food. Secondly, there are serious hidden dangers in food safety. Many logistics companies do not consider outsourcing transportation, warehousing management, distribution and other services to third-party logistics companies. The reason is that the development of third-party logistics companies in China is relatively backward, and there are relatively few third-party companies with standard and complete equipment. Therefore, the third-party logistics enterprises need to actively cultivate talents to develop, so as to expand the scale. At present, although some enterprises have relatively large investment and advanced infrastructure, they have not reached a high level in personnel training and other aspects. How to further enhance the advantages of third-party logistics enterprises in all aspects is also a question that this young industry needs to ponder.

Cold chain logistics concept promotion is weak

As the cold chain industry is still in the early stage of development, consumers only pay attention to the surface status of product brands and colors when they buy food in supermarkets and vegetable markets. But they did not consider whether the supply chain was broken before the final link. They did not know that even the best products would not be fresh if they were broken in any link of transportation, storage and other links. Cold storage and frozen food require a complete cold chain process to control the temperature of the goods in the whole process, so as to ensure the safety of food, including the closed environment during loading and unloading, storage and transportation, etc. A complete refrigerated food supply chain is an indispensable element of food safety. Therefore, the requirements of cold chain logistics are relatively high, and the corresponding investment in management and capital is larger than that of ordinary room temperature logistics. Because of the high cost of the cold chain, the risk increases. Many consumers, faced with the same products and appearance, tend to prefer cheaper products, because customers believe that the quality of the two products must be the same. The reason for this idea is that the knowledge of cold chain has not been widely popularized in society, making the public fail to truly realize the importance of food safety. Therefore, the promotion of cold chain technology and ideas is crucial.