Food cold chain technology and management specifications

Background of standard setting

In recent years, with the increasing of people's living standard, more and more people of refrigerated food consumption, there is an increasing demand for refrigerated food and shenzhen is adjacent to Hong Kong and Macao, the geographical location advantages, connecting the mainland has many foreign ports, is one of the largest cargo distribution route in south China, from the national import and export of frozen products most by shenzhen flow at home and abroad, so the cold chain logistics market potential is tremendous. However, in the process of food cold chain operation, there is a phenomenon of non-standard, the urgent need to develop food cold chain technology and management norms.

Standard setting principle

First, the applicability of the standard drafting, full consideration of the current practice of enterprises, in the premise of meeting the cold chain food safety, in the content of the standard as far as possible in line with the actual operation of most enterprises, reflects the applicability of the standard.

Second, forward-looking, the development of cold chain technology is very fast, so food logistics and transportation and temperature measurement technology is constantly changing and updating, in order to reflect the scientific nature, to encourage technological progress, the standard only states the principles and requirements in terms of terms, do not limit the development of specific technology. Introduction of international norms, guiding the city's cold chain logistics service industry normative operation.

Third, consistency. There are mature standards for cold-chain food in developed countries. In the drafting process of this standard, the specific technical indicators of the standard shall be referred to the relevant normative operating provisions of international standards. Fully investigated the existing domestic cold chain food products, food hygiene, packaging, labeling, transportation and storage and other national, industrial and local standards, and maintained coordination in terms of content and terminology.

Main contents of the standard

The standard first defines terms such as cold chain, frozen food and refrigerated food. Based on the operation process of cold chain, standard operation requirements are formulated for each link including packaging, transportation, storage, sorting and distribution, and wholesale and retail. Such as packaging link for packaging materials, packaging size, packaging requirements, such as transport links have the temperature requirements of transportation equipment, transportation, storage link for cold storage, storage temperature, acceptance of unloading, stacking requirements, such as sorting and distribution have distribution vehicle, sorting distribution site, site requirements, such as wholesale and retail have to display equipment, temperature and other requirements. In addition, there are requirements for the establishment of cold chain management system.

Significance of standard implementation

The release of the 'food cold chain technology and management standards' reflects that the municipal commission of transport has standardized the operation of the food cold chain industry. This standard can be used for the management of enterprises' operation standards in the logistics links such as the packaging, transportation, storage and sales of frozen and refrigerated food, as a reference for the trade of cold chain products between enterprises, and also as a basis for the supervision of enterprises by the relevant regulatory departments of the government. Through the promotion and implementation of the standard system, the standard can really guide and regulate the development of the industry, play its due role in food supply and quality assurance, and thus promote the healthy development of the city's food cold chain.