The food safety law promotes the development of cold chain logistics

The new 'food safety law' will be implemented from October 1, 2015. One of the highlights of the law is that it makes a special description of the food transport problem, starts to pay attention to the safety monitoring of food in the whole supply process, and strongly promotes the upgrading of cold chain logistics industry by legal means.

Frozen product safety key in the cold chain can not 'break'

Cold chain logistics is composed of many links, from the planting and procurement of food raw materials, processing, circulation and distribution to the whole process of retail and consumption, is a complex cryogenic system engineering, to ensure the quality and safety of all links is the core of cold chain logistics. To ensure the quality and safety of frozen food, the most important thing is that the 'cold chain' should not be broken, that is to say, in the process of food manufacturing, storage, transportation, distribution and retail, it should always be in a controlled low-temperature state.

However, the number of refrigerated vehicles is insufficient and the operation is not standard, which is becoming an important safety hazard of cold chain food. Due to many reasons, in recent years, China's annual production and sales of refrigerated insulation vehicles has been maintained between 4000 and 5000, far from meeting the actual demand of the frozen food market.

Cold chain short board to restrict the development of enterprises

The world-class food distribution center of parkson group in hangzhou enables the food operated by parkson group to be temporarily stored at the low-temperature unloading dock when the food is transferred between freezers, refrigerated warehouses and refrigerated trucks. Food is stored, transported, selected and transported at a constant temperature to ensure the integrity of the cold chain, thus ensuring the safety and quality of food.

Food providers operate their own cold chain logistics business, which to some extent reflects the shortage of cold processing and cold chain logistics facilities in China. Data show that at present, the refrigerated transport rate of perishable food in developed countries has exceeded 60%, including more than 80% in the United States, Japan, Western Europe and other countries and regions, while only about 20% in China.

In the total output of meat, chilled meat only accounts for 10%, and frozen meat only accounts for 15%. Compared with developed countries, the circulation rate of cold chain of meat is 100%, which accounts for 50% of the total output of meat. Due to the undeveloped third-party cold chain logistics, many frozen food enterprises are still in the stage of self-operation logistics, which seriously affects their core competitiveness.

Fine management to ensure constant temperature quality

Why there are many frozen food 'dumplings a pot on the loose, a pot of broken fish' on the quality problem? The problem is the temperature fluctuation of perishable food during transportation. The reason for this situation is not only the non-standard transport of cold-chain food, but also the improper storage in supermarkets and shopping malls, which leads to the 'chain breaking' of cold-chain food.

On the one hand, China's cold chain logistics standards overlap with national standards, industry standards and local standards. On the other hand, most of the standards of cold chain logistics are recommended standards, which are not mandatory, and the non-mandatory standards have very low binding force in the reality of immature cold chain logistics industry, and have a very limited guiding role for cold chain logistics enterprises.

Specifically, the entire cold chain from storage, transportation to distribution, to the terminal consumption, must be within the specified temperature range. It involves staffing, efficiency of loading, timing, etc.

For example, each car must be equipped with two drivers to prevent fatigue driving, and the driver should be changed every four hours. Two temperature controllers, one in the middle and one in the back; Every vehicle is equipped with infrared detector, which is to measure the temperature before loading, because the delivery temperature of a product is very important for the whole cold chain transportation, the temperature is controlled from the beginning, and then the temperature is recorded every 4 hours during the process. Food quality is not only guaranteed by low temperature, but also by 'constant temperature'. A constant temperature requires strict standards.